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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 76-84

Clinical characteristics and antivascular endothelial growth factor effect of choroidal neovascularization in younger patients in Taiwan

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital; College of Medicine, Fu Jen Catholic University; College of Medicine, National University, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Cheng-Kuo Cheng
Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, Number 95, Wen-Chang Road, Shih-Lin District, Taipei 11120
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.1016/j.tjo.2015.03.001

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Background/Purpose: The purpose of this study is to share experiences diagnosing and treating choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in young patients (age ≤ 50 years) at our hospital. Methods: The study reviewed retrospective data of patients (≤ 50 years old) with CNV who received antivascular endothelial growth factor treatment (anti-VEGF) between January 2007 and August 2012 at Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital. We recorded the total number of injections, types of drugs, preoperative and final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT) in optical coherence tomography (OCT), and total follow-up times, and then used two-tailed paired t tests to compare mean changes in BCVA and CRT on OCT. Results: The study enrolled 59 patients ≤ 50 years of age with CNV diagnosed in 67 eyes. The mean age was 36.9 ± 10.0 years (range, 8–50 years). Twenty-one patients were male and 38 patients were female. Forty-two CNV lesions were subfoveal, 19 were juxtafoveal, and five were extrafoveal. The mean total follow-up time was 18.5 ± 19.9 months (range, 0.5–71 months). Pathologic myopia was the most common cause of CNV in this study (47.8%), followed by punctate inner choroidopathy (17.9%), idiopathic CNV (16.4%), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (13.4%), angioid streaks (3.0%), and choroidal rupture (1.5%). After anti-VEGF treatment, the mean BCVA improved from 0.69 ± 0.61 to 0.42 ± 0.59 (p < 0.05). CRT decreased from 257.5 ± 48.2 to 210.3 ± 35.7 (p < 0.05). The mean number of injections was 1.9 ± 1.6 (range, 1–9). Conclusion: In this study we found that pathologic myopia, punctate inner choroidopathy, and idiopathic and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy comprised the four most common causes of CNV in patients ≤ 50 years of age in Taiwan. We also revealed that anti-VEGF treatment is highly effective in the treatment of CNV in this age group.

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