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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-35

Association of refractive error with vision-related quality of life in junior high school students

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei City Hospital, Heping Fuyoy Branch, Taipei, Taiwan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei City Hospital, Heping Fuyoy Branch; Graduate Institute of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, College of Public Health, National University, Taipei, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Jen-Chieh Lin
Department of Ophthalmology, Taipei City Hospital, Heping Fuyoy Branch, Number 33, Section 2, Chung-Hwa Road, Taipei City 10065
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.1016/j.tjo.2015.12.001

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Background/Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between refractive error and vision-related quality of life in 16-year-old students in Taiwan. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed for 16-year junior-high-school students in Taiwan. Myopia was defined as a spherical refractive error (SRE) < −0.50 D, hyperopia as SRE > +1.0 D, and emmetropia as SRE −0.5–h1.0 D in the better eye. Vision-related quality of life was assessed using the Taiwan Chinese version of the 25-Item National Eye Institute Visual Functioning Questionnaire. Results: Of the 688 participants, 466 (68%) had myopia and 22 (3%) had hyperopia. In logistic-regression models adjusted for gender, parents’ education, family income, and parental refractive error, myopia was an independent risk factor of poorer vision-related quality of life for both near vision (odds ratio 1.73, 95% confidence interval 1.22–2.45) and distance vision (odds ratio 3.11, 95% confidence interval 2.23–4.35). Hyperopia was not associated with near- or distance-vision difficulty. Conclusion: In this study population, myopia was associated with difficulties in near and distance vision compared to emmetropia. Further studies are needed to confirm our findings in other populations.

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