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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 131-135

Effect of potassium channel openers in acute and chronic models of glaucoma

1 Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, Ahmedabad 382481, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Pharmacology, L.M. College of Pharmacy, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad 9, Gujarat, India
3 Department of Pharmacy, NIMS University, Shobha Nagar, JaipureDelhi Highway (NH-11C), Jaipur 303121, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Shital S Panchal
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Pharmacy, Nirma University, SG Highway, Ahmedabad 382481, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.1016/j.tjo.2016.05.006

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Purpose: Glaucoma is characterized by increased intraocular pressure (IOP). The effect of nicorandil and pinacidil on IOP in experimentally induced acute and chronic models of glaucoma and the mechanism of action involved were studied. Methods: New Zealand white rabbits were used for the study. After the measurement of IOP, nicorandil (1%), pinacidil (1%), and pilocarpine as standard (1%) were instilled topically into the left eye. The other eye served as control. Dextrose (5%) was used to induce acute glaucoma. IOP changes were recorded every 15 minutes until the pressure became normal. Freshly prepared a-chymotrypsin solution was introduced in the posterior chamber to induce chronic glaucoma. Rabbits with ocular hypertension were selected for the study. Similar drug solutions were used to study the effect on IOP. Glibenclamide, pilocarpine, and indomethacin (1%) were used to study the mechanism of action of both drugs. The IOPs were measured just prior to drug instillation and at suitable time intervals using a tonometer. Results: Pretreatment with topical nicorandil and pinacidil significantly lowered the rise in IOP in the acute model. Nicorandil and pinacidil initially caused rise in IOP for 15–30 minutes in chronic glaucoma. This was followed by reduction in IOP. Pretreatment with indomethacin and pilocarpine did not modify the effect of nicorandil and pinacidil on IOP. Pretreatment with glibenclamide blocked IOP from the lowering effect of nicorandil and pinacidil. Conclusion: The oculohypotensive effect shown by these drugs appears to be attributable to enhancement of the aqueous humor outflow. This effect is perhaps mediated through potassium channels.

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