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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 145-149

Rapid regression of cystoid macular edema associated with cytomegalovirus retinitis in adult acute myeloid leukemia by intravitreal methotrexate combined with oral valganciclovir: A case report with comparison of binocular outcome

1 Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi; Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Tao-Yuan; Department of Nursing, Chang Gung University of Science and Technology, Chiayi, Taiwan
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi; Chang Gung University College of Medicine, Tao-Yuan, Taiwan
3 Division of Hematology & Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Evelyn Jou-Chen Huang
Department of Ophthalmology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chiayi Number 6, West Section, Chiapu Road, PuTzu City, Chiayi County 613
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.1016/j.tjo.2015.07.004

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is a late complication of organ and hematopoietic stem cell transplant, the risk of which depends on the degree of immunosuppression. With the institution of preemptive ganciclovir therapy early after transplant, most patients survive episodes of life-threatening CMV infection during the early months (usually the first 3 months) after transplant and hence late onset of CMV disease, such as CMV retinitis, is being recognized more frequently. Direct involvement of the macula or optic head remains the leading cause of visual loss in patients with CMV retinitis, but there are few studies investigating the management of this condition. Herein, we present the case of 28-year-old man who had acute myeloid leukemia and developed CMV retinitis with bilateral cystoid macular edema and optic swelling in the right eye 6 months after bone marrow transplant. He received treatment with intravitreal methotrexate in the right eye in combination with oral valganciclovir. Visual acuity improved 1 month after four weekly injections of intravitreal methotrexate 400 µg/0.1 mL. Resolved disc swelling and regression of macular edema were also observed. By comparing binocular outcome, we present our findings and discuss the possible efficacy and safety of this treatment with respect to regression of anatomical damage and improvement in visual acuity.

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