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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 216-220

Retinal pigment epithelium lipid metabolic demands and therapeutic restoration


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Pathology and Cell Biology, Jonas Children's Vision Care, and Bernard and Shirlee Brown Glaucoma Laboratory, Columbia Stem Cell Initiative, Institute of Human Nutrition, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University; Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, USA
2 Department of Ophthalmology, Pathology and Cell Biology, Jonas Children's Vision Care, and Bernard and Shirlee Brown Glaucoma Laboratory, Columbia Stem Cell Initiative, Institute of Human Nutrition, Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University; Edward S. Harkness Eye Institute, New York-Presbyterian Hospital; Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Institute of Human Nutrition, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Stephen H Tsang
Edward Harkness Eye Institute, 635 W 165th Street, Box 212, New York, NY 10032
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_31_21

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One of the defining features of the retina is the tight metabolic coupling between cells such as photoreceptors and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). This necessitates the compartmentalization and proper substrate availability required for specialized processes such as photo-transduction. Glucose metabolism is preferential in many human cell types for adenosine triphosphate generation, yet fatty acid β-oxidation generates essential fuel for RPE. Here, we provide a brief overview of metabolic demands in both the healthy and dystrophic RPE with an emphasis on fatty acid oxidation. We outline therapies aimed at renormalizing this metabolism and explore future avenues for therapeutic intervention.


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