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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 417-420

A case of fungal conjunctivitis with giant papillae treated surgically

Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Eiichi Uchio
Department of Ophthalmology, Fukuoka University School of Medicine, 7-45-1 Nanakuma, Jonan-ku, 814-0180 Fukuoka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_46_20

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Fungal conjunctivitis is a rare disorder, with low incidence and difficulty in diagnosis due to a lack of specific clinical findings. We report a case of fungal conjunctivitis which exhibited a specific clinical feature of giant papilla formation, and its diagnosis was a complex process. A 19-year-old woman with a history of atopic dermatitis and hard contact lens use was referred to us with a 3-month history of giant papillary conjunctivitis of the right eye in spite of treatment with antiallergic and corticosteroid eye drops, complicated by intraocular pressure elevation. The left eye showed no symptom of ocular surface disorder throughout the clinical course. The right eye did not respond to oral corticosteroid. Polymerase chain reaction of conjunctival scrapings against Chlamydia trachomatis was negative, and she was treated surgically by total papilla resection. Conjunctival giant papilla recurrence was not observed after surgery. Although the primary histopathological diagnosis was chronic inflammation due to atopic keratoconjunctivitis, repeated histopathological survey of excised conjunctival tissue including immunohistochemical staining revealed histiocytes, yeast type spores and hyphae, and phagocytosed spores and hyphae in macrophages. The causative organism was identified morphologically as a Candida species. Later, histopathological examination of a cervical swab revealed the presence of Candida sp. This rare case indicates that a fungal organism may underlie refractory conjunctivitis with specific giant papillary hypertrophy mimicking vernal keratoconjunctivitis.

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