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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 22-31

Intraocular lens power calculations in eyes with previous corneal refractive surgery: Challenges, approaches, and outcomes


Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Li Wang
Department of Ophthalmology, Cullen Eye Institute, Baylor College of Medicine, 6565 Fannin, NC 205, Houston, Texas 77030
USA
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjo.tjo_38_21

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In eyes with previous corneal refractive surgery, difficulties in accurately determining corneal refractive power and in predicting the effective lens position create challenges in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculations. There are three categories of methods proposed based on the use of historical data acquired prior to the corneal refractive surgery. The American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery postrefractive IOL calculator incorporates many commonly used methods. Accuracy of refractive prediction errors within ± 0.5 D is achieved in 0% to 85% of eyes with previous myopic LASIK/photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), 38.1% to 71.9% of eyes with prior hyperopic LASIK/PRK, and 29% to 87.5% of eyes with previous radial keratotomy. IOLs with negative spherical aberration (SA) may reduce the positive corneal SA induced by myopic correction, and IOLs with zero SA best match corneal SA in eyes with prior hyperopic correction. Toric, extended-depth-of-focus, and multifocal IOLs may provide excellent outcomes in selected cases that meet certain corneal topographic criteria. Further advances are needed to improve the accuracy of IOL power calculation in eyes with previous corneal refractive surgery.


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