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Analysis of accuracy of twelve intraocular lens power calculation formulas for eyes with axial myopia

 MW Med Eye Centre, Cracow, Poland

Correspondence Address:
Wiktor Stopyra,
MW Med Eye Centre, Ul. Dobrego Pasterza 207 A 31-416 Cracow
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2211-5056.357849

PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to compare twelve intraocular lens power calculation formulas for eyes longer than 25.0 mm in terms of absolute error (AE), the percentage of postoperative emmetropia, and agreement interval in Bland–Altman analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of myopic patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification between January 2016 and July 2021 was reviewed. Intraocular lens power was calculated using Holladay 1, SRK/T, Hoffer Q, Holladay 2, Haigis, Barrett Universal II, Hill-RBF, Ladas, Kane, EVO, Pearl-DGS, and K6 formulas. Three months after phacoemulsification, refraction was measured, and mean AE was calculated. The percentage of patients with full visual acuity (VA) without any correction, with ± 0.25D, ±0.5D, ±0.75D, and limits of agreement for each formula were established. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients, whose ocular axial length ranged between 25.03 mm and 28.91 mm, were included in the study. The Barrett Universal II formula achieved the lowest mean AE of 0.11 ± 0.11 (P < 0.001) just before Kane (0.13 ± 0.09; P < 0.001 except vs. Haigis and Holladay 2) and SRK/T formulas (0.18 ± 0.12). In addition, the Barrett Universal II formula had the highest percentage of patients with full VA without any correction (72.5%) followed by Kane and Holladay 2 formulas (56.0% and 49.5%, respectively). Finally, Barrett Universal II, Kane, and Haigis formulas obtained the lowest agreement interval (0.5725, 0.6088, and 0.8307, respectively). CONCLUSION: The Barrett Universal II formula is recommended for intraocular lens power calculation for eyeballs with the axial length longer than 25.0 mm. The Kane formula also gives very promising results in regarding the accuracy of intraocular lens power for myopic eyes.

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